Earth Sciences

There is a wide range of career opportunities open to those wanting to study the Earth Sciences.

Careers in the Earth Sciences are varied and can span many different industries, such as mining, civil engineering, government, specialist geological consultant and research companies, and teaching.

Points to consider when looking at potential careers in the Earth Sciences include:

  • Look at a number of discipline areas, due to the multi-disciplinary nature of Earth Sciences;
  • Many scientific and technological roles offer further specialised training on the job;
  • Graduate entry programs offer on the job training;
  • Many jobs, especially at entry level, are looking for generic skills that have been developed during your degree, rather than particular scientific knowledge;
  • Further study and qualifications may be necessary to progress your career, depending on the particular field;
  • There is opportunity for extensive travel.

Jobs in the Earth Sciences


Being a Meteorologist is about understanding the atmosphere and its effects on the Earth's surface, oceans and life in general. This includes analysing the state of the atmosphere and oceans, and providing forecasts, warnings, information and advice on weather and climate.

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Geologist & Geophysicist

Geologists and Geophysicists study the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth, locate and advise on the extraction of minerals, petroleum and ground water, and detect, monitor and forecast seismic, magnetic, electrical, thermal and oceanographic activity.

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Hydrologists study the properties of and manage water resources by performing extensive field surveys and laboratory research. Depending on the project, Hydrologists may study the role of water in a particular ecosystem.

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